Steve “Pappy” Papenfuhs
Steve “Pappy” Papenfuhs is a retired Sergeant with the San Jose Police Department. Pappy has 29 years experience including assignments as an FTO Sergeant, Training Sergeant Detective Sergeant and SWAT team member. He is a human-factors researcher and certified Force Analyst. He often testifies as an expert witness in high-profile use of force cases. Pappy is an expert instructor with decades of experience who is constantly researching effective teaching strategies aimed at ensuring learning has occurred.